Gemstone cutting shapes
Briliant (diamond cut)
The most common form of circular grinding. It has a total of 57 facets (+ 1 optional facet for dulling the lower tip of the gemstone). The main parts are: at the top is the slab (1 sheet), then downwards is the crown (32 sheets), and at the bottom is the pavilion (24 sheets). The crown and the pavilion are separated by the so-called grid, which runs around the gem and is slightly rounded.
Meaning princess. Square gemstone cut. The technical name is brilliant cut modified into a square, as it is approximately the same as brilliant cut but transformed into a square.
Baguette-shaped grinding mould. Rectangular at the base but slightly rounded at the bottom. The facets are parallel and the corners are pointed.
Tapered baguette shaped grinding mould. Similar to a baguette-shaped grind, but tapering towards one end.
An oval grinding shape that ends in a point at each end.
Triangle shaped gemstone cutting. Within the shape there are countless cuts.
As the name suggests, cushion shaped gemstone faceting. The faceted facets of this square-shaped gemstone create a slightly rounded shape in almost all directions.
Emerald cut shape, which differs from the baguette shape mainly in that it is octagonal in plan view because the corners of the rectangle are chamfered.
An oval gemstone, which has several cutting methods.
This is a rounded triangle shape.
Heart shaped gemstone cut shape.
Pear shaped gemstone cut. Many people also call it teardrop shaped.
This is a 12-cornered (top view) gemstone, somewhat similar to a marquise cut, but in an angular shape.
Horizontally parallel faceted facets run around this square gemstone with chamfered corners. You could say it's a square version of emerald cutting.
This is a quite common flower-shaped gemstone cut nowadays.
A gemstone cut into a rhomboid shape with parallel circular facets.
This is a gemstone cut into a teardrop shape, usually with a small transverse or vertical run at the top, narrower end. It is mostly used to suspend.
This can be any interesting shape other than the usual cut, limited only by the imagination of the gem cutter. The gemstone in the picture is just one example, which could also be called Star, but any unique shape like this belongs here.
This is an unique facet shape that is similar in outline to the emerald facet shape, i.e. a rectangle with chamfered corners, but the facets are not parallel, but similar to the brilliant facet. It is said to be one of the most brilliant gemstone facets.
This is also a round grind, similar to the brilliant grind, but divided into far fewer facets.
This is an onion-shaped, but actually bead-grinding shape, so it is ground evenly in a circle, so it can be drilled through, strung, or suspended with a shorter hole at the narrower end with a tiny stem glued into it, for example as dangling earrings.
A round gemstone cutting shape resembling a chessboard when viewed from above.
A bead or spherical gemstone bordered by tiny faceted facets, most commonly used in strung form.
An extraordinary-looking round gemstone cut shape that gives the appearance of a firework when viewed from above.
The appearance of a raw crystal. It is not really a cut, it is a natural form, which is of course cut to size for the setting. It is very fashionable nowadays because of its unique and interesting shapes that reflect its naturalness.